11 Steps 3D Animation Production Process (2022)

3D animation production process- the way we proceed

If you think from the perspective of a 3D modeling services provider, there are numerous stages in an animation company process. There is no doubt that the 3D animation process is a rather complex one and it involves relentless efforts of everyone involved to create the best and impeccable animation. As such, in order to help those who aren’t familiar with the whole technical side of the same, all the stages of animation production have been broken down to simple and comprehensive steps here below.

Step #1: The Concept and Storyboards

The first of many 3D animation process steps starts with the concept for the animation. Whatever be the project, there must be a concept, and a narrative thereof, that binds together all the scenes and frames. It is based on the concept that the storyboards are created. The storyboards help translate these concepts into visual form where everyone can understand it and they are created with the intention of displaying the narration in two dimensions; time and interaction.

The first dimension, time, illustrates the sequence of the scenes; what happens first, the next and so on. The next dimension, interaction, talks how various elements such as the voiceover, soundtrack, the effects, transitions and many others interact with other. Any of the elements can interact with any other. The impact such interactions will bring for the audience is determined by the storyboards.

As this is an important stage of animation that determines how your work must go and the direction it should take there are numerous companies that offer exceptional and timely storyboard illustration services just the way you would love.

Step #2: 3D Modeling

Many think that 3D modeling refers to simple drawing. But how farther can they be from the reality. Once the storyboards are done and approved by the client, the next step is modeling. This is where the designs such as for 3D character designs and 3D game props designs are carried out as per the needs. The most common technique is to use a simple object—often called ‘the primitive—and develop or expand it to any form, onto which clear details can be given and refined as much as required. Primitives can be of any form as wished by the 3D modeler.

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It can be a 3D object such as faces or polygons; it can be anything like a 2D line such as an edge, or it can even be a single line such as a vertex. All of these primitives can be easily reshaped or manipulated as wished by the person modeling it with the help of powerful and robust 3D animation software‌ programs as needed. As this is the foundation upon which the rest of the work is carried out, companies like us that offer professional 3D modeling services ensure that the best, most effective and effortless technique is utilized and they can be different from one project to another.

Step #3: Texturing

Texturing is the process, in the layman’s terms, where the 3D models created are given textures. In other terms, 2D images are overlaid on the 3D models to elicit the feeling of colors, designs, and even textures. This process is referred to as mapping and it must be understood that the coloring of each and every element in an animation comes with this process.

Textures can be created in any 3D texturing software program that lets you edit images such as Photoshop and the illustrations made of the textures can be applied to the models as you would otherwise normally paint with colors.

There are certain animators who take advantage of the real images taken altered to suit the requirements and that can effectively provide diverse patterns and be repeated as much as needed. This is the process that is used to create hair; instead of creating the samples of a single strand, groups of hair strands are created upon which the texture of individual strands is overlaid and detailed.

Step #4: The Process of Rigging and Skinning

At the end of the third stage of animation, you will end up getting what essentially can be called a skeleton. Now that you have the skeleton, the next task is to make it move as you wish by putting the same right onto a 3D character. This is the last step just before the character animation is started. This process is called ‘rigging and skinning’ and is the most fundamental stage that lays the foundation to create the system that will govern all the movements and mobility patterns of a character throughout the animation process.

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Rigging is, in fact, the process of establishing a skeleton that can be controlled to regulate the movement of the character as desired and required by the animator.

Depending upon the subject that is used, each of the rigs used will be different along with the controls administered for the same. The next process is to attach the sig skeleton into the 3D model being perfected in order to enable the manipulation of the same with the help of the controls established on the rig.

Step #5: The Actual Process of Animation

Now you understand that the steps animation process do not start with the actual animation. It is at this stage we begin to actually carry out the process of animation which is the process where the 3D models are made to move. There are several companies providing 3D design services that utilize the keyframe animation method that is utilized to manage the objects on the frame-by-frame basis.

There are other methods such as utilizing a spline or motion capture to export the movement data from an external data source. Another way is to utilize the inbuilt movement mechanisms in your software program to give the desired movement pattern to the objects.

Step #6: Imbuing of Lighting

While lighting in 3D is as much important as that is in the real world, the first thing to understand that there is no lighting as the real world in a 3D world. The feeling of lighting is elicited by the manipulation of images to emulate the look and feel of lighting as it appears in the real world. However, it is the skillful application of lighting is what makes any animation stunning, relatable and able to resonate well with the audience.

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In order to get the feel and look you expect, there is a range of settings that need to be applied on the materials on each frame one by one.

Step #7: Camera Angles and Techniques

If you did not know better, what distinguishes a bad cinematography from a good one is the use of camera angles and techniques utilized as needed intelligently. The very fact that physical limitations do not apply in the animated world as they do in the real world makes anything is possible with the camera tool. This provides the animator with impeccable possibilities and opportunities to play with the tool to create the most arresting, effective and incredible camera angles that may be impossible to use is a live-action movie.

However, it is important that the basic concepts and certain guidelines are followed in the step to ensure that you do not end overusing the same to a position where the animated product is rendered useless.

Step #8: The Process of Rendering

This is the process where the graphics that must be used on the models to created and exported to be allied on the models. If you consider, rendering is the last of all process steps and hence is the most crucial step of all. It is a real concerning scenario that most beginners overlook the same and give their concentration in creating and animating the models.

However, it must be understood that the process of 3d rendering is as much important as any other animation company process that is used in the entire stages of animation production. Unless there are effective and convincing graphical elements, the final product may not look as exceptionally as intended at the end of the day.

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Step #9: The Process of Compositing and Special FX

It is with the help of several compositing programs that the renders are made available to touch-up, edit, and overlay effects as required in an animation. It includes everything that you typically know of as effects such as morphing, evaporating and explosions along with many others. It can be achieved by infusing live-action scene shots with the settings and environments created digitally.

Step #10: Giving Music and Foley

There is no doubt that the background music and foley used in any video will certainly enhance the quality of the viewing experience for all the audiences. Apart from that, it helps create the feeling of a natural environment which the audience can relate to by understanding the sounds that come with it. There are certain animations where music is an integral part of the narration and the story. Such music is created by a musician as per the needs of the narratives that run through the animation.

However, a foley artist creates sounds that need to be added to the scenes such as the sounds in a market, in a busy street, and in a forest, and the likes. In order to create such sounds, a range of props is created.

Step #11: The Process of Editing and Final Output

All that you have done so far as part of the 3D animation servicesare going to end here. At this stage, all the elements that you have done such as the music and foley and the composited renders are edited together to create a cohesive animation that is as expected at the beginning of the process. Editing checks will be done multiple times to ensure that everything is in sync with everything else expected.

Once satisfied, the edited product is transported to a suitable format or suitable formats as per the broadcasting standard specifications of the client.

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Concluding thoughts

It is really important that you get the support of an established and professional 3D rendering servicesprovider to get your work done. However, it is easier said than done. You may find it easy to do that but with the efforts and time go into doing that you want to get the best provider offering a range of mechanical animation services as you need.

If you are trying to get the support of the best 3D animation studio in India who can provide you with impeccable and affordable animation services, check with us.


How many steps process for creating a 3D animation? ›

The process of creating 3D animation can be sequentially divided into three phases: modelling – which describes the process of creating the 3D objects within a scene, layout and animation – which describes how objects are positioned and animated within a scene, and rendering – which describes the final output of the ...

What are the steps of an animation production process? ›

Learn the process of animation production to create a successful video
  1. Step 1: Brainstorming.
  2. Step 2: Storyboard.
  3. Step 3: Design.
  4. Step 4: Аnimatic.
  5. Step 5: Animation production process.
  6. Step 6: Feedback and approval.
  7. Step 7: Render and final delivery.

What are the 12 principles of animation explaining each one of them? ›

Timing and Spacing: The number of frames between two poses, and how those individual frames are placed. Squash and Stretch: The flexibility of objects to exaggerate or add appeal to a movement. Anticipation: The setup for an action to happen. Ease In and Ease Out: The time for acceleration and deceleration of movement.

What is the first step process of creating 3D animation? ›

The production stage consists of the following steps:
  1. 3D Layout: Simply put, a 3D version of the 2D animatic is called a 3D layout. ...
  2. 3D Modeling: ...
  3. 3D Texturing: ...
  4. 3D Rigging: ...
  5. 3D Animation: ...
  6. VFX: ...
  7. Lighting: ...
  8. Rendering:
10 May 2022

What is 3D animation process? ›

3D animation refers to the process of taking digital objects and making them come to life by creating the illusion that they're moving through a three-dimensional space. These computer-generated objects appear on a two-dimensional screen, but they're crafted to mimic the principles of a 3D world.

What is production in 3D animation? ›

An animation production pipeline system involves people, hardware and software to perform tasks in sequential order to complete the animated film in a preset timeline. The production pipeline starts with an idea and ends with a final product for presentation to the world.

What is the first step in pre-production? ›

4 Steps in the Pre Production Process

Legal and Budgets: Take care of the business side of production and hire your crew. Creative Planning: Work with your department heads to plan out everything needed to make your project work. Storyboard and make a shot list. Logistics: Revise your shooting schedule and budget.

What are the 5 types of animation? ›

5 Forms of Animation
  • Traditional Animation.
  • 2D Animation.
  • 3D Animation.
  • Motion Graphics.
  • Stop Motion.

How do you plan an animation project? ›

  1. Project plan. Set up a place to plan your project. ...
  2. Brief. Define the concept and goals. ...
  3. Brainstorming. Generate ideas for your project. ...
  4. Moodboard. Organize inspiration & references. ...
  5. Storyboard. Visualize the sequence of your animation. ...
  6. Style frames. Share visual concepts with your team.

What are the 12 types of animation? ›

So what are the 12 Principles of Animation?
  • Squash and stretch.
  • Anticipation.
  • Staging.
  • Straight-ahead action and pose-to-pose.
  • Follow through and overlapping action.
  • Slow in and slow out.
  • Arc.
  • Secondary action.

Who made the 12 basic principles of animation? ›

Disney's 12 principles of animation were first introduced by animators Ollie Johnston and Frank Thomas in their book The Illusion of Life: Disney Animation, first released in 1981.

Why are the 12 principles of animation important? ›

The main purpose of these principles was to produce an illusion that cartoon characters adhered to the basic laws of physics, but they also dealt with more abstract issues, such as emotional timing and character appeal.

How do you make a 3D animation model? ›

How to Animate 3D Characters in 1 Minute - YouTube

Why is 3D animation important? ›

Why is 3D animation important? 3D animation is important because it allows businesses to communicate in a memorable and immersive way. This communication is often with customers, but it can also be internally between staff.

Where is 3D animation used? ›

Though 3D animation has primarily been used in the creation of video games, films, and TV shows, its usages have grown alongside its popularity. Now, 3D animation is used to create materials for companies that can help them market their products and services.

What is 3D animation example? ›

3D Animation Explanation and Examples

Some popular 3D animations include: Pixar (Toy Story, Frozen, The Incredibles) Dreamworks (Shrek, How to Train Your Dragon) Feature Film CGI (the dinosaurs in Jurassic Park, the robots in Transformers, pretty much everything in Avatar)

Why is 3D modeling important to students? ›

Working with a 3D model helps you render three-dimensional objects more realistically. That way, you can evaluate the design before working on the prototype. The design industry is currently seeing a decline in the use of physical models, with more focus on the digital stage to reduce spending and maximize time.

How long is 3D animation? ›

The standard timeline (of six to eight weeks) to complete a 3D animation process can be broken down into a number of stages: briefing, brainstorming, scriptwriting, concept art, storyboard, modeling, rigging, animating, rendering, and sound design. Each stage of the process is part of the success of your animation.

How do you make a 3D animation in blender? ›

Tutorial: Create this Satisfying 3D Animation in Blender - YouTube

When was 3D animation invented? ›

The first 3D computer-generated imagery was created for the film Futureworld, in 1976. In the specific scene the hand and face of the actor was enhanced with the help of CGI technology. Futureworld made use of so called 2D digital compositing, in order to materialize characters over the background.

What are the elements of production? ›

The factors of production are an important economic concept outlining the elements needed to produce a good or service for sale. They are commonly broken down into four elements: land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurship.

What do you mean by production process? ›

A production process is a method of using economic input or resources, like labor, capital equipment or land, to provide goods and services to consumers.

What you mean by production? ›

Production is the process of making or manufacturing goods and products from raw materials or components. In other words, production takes inputs and uses them to create an output which is fit for consumption – a good or product which has value to an end-user or customer.

Where is animation used? ›

The biggest use for animation is for entertainment. Animation is used on the TV, on your phones, and all over the internet. In television, animation is mostly used to occupy children, as is gives them something to laugh about and keep them entertained for long periods of time.

What application is used for animation? ›

Adobe After Effects is the company's answer for creating 3D animation and video editing. There's no doubt that it's a powerful program. It can do simple things, such as rotating text, as well as full-blown post production editing.

How do animations work? ›

Animation works by using an optical illusion. By presenting a sequence of still images in quick enough succession, the viewer interprets them as a continuous moving image. This is the same principle that enables live action film making and projection to work.

What is a cycle in animation? ›

In animation, a walk cycle is a series of frames or illustrations drawn in sequence that loop to create an animation of a walking character. The walk cycle is looped over and over, thus having to avoid animating each step again.

How important is planning in the animation process? ›

The animation process actually starts when you are in the conception phases of the project. Everything must be planned upfront so when you open your favorite software, you already know what to do, what to expect and how to integrate the things you're going to animate.

What is needed to make a animation? ›

Here's a list of nice beginner tools that we think can help you get started on your way to becoming a professional cartoonist.
  • A stylus pen. ...
  • A small graphics tablet. ...
  • Drawing gloves. ...
  • A large graphic tablet (really) ...
  • A flash animation program.
11 Oct 2017

How many types of animation are there? ›

There are four main types of animation:

2D animation. 3D animation. Stop motion animation. Motion graphics.

What does 3D rigged mean? ›

In its simplest form, 3D rigging is the process of creating a skeleton for a 3D model so it can move. Most commonly, characters are rigged before they are animated because if a character model doesn't have a rig, they can't be deformed and moved around.

What are the properties of animation? ›

The animation property is a shorthand property for:
  • animation-name.
  • animation-duration.
  • animation-timing-function.
  • animation-delay.
  • animation-iteration-count.
  • animation-direction.
  • animation-fill-mode.
  • animation-play-state.

What is the importance of principle of arcs in animation character? ›

Arcs operate along a curved trajectory that adds the illusion of life to an animated object in action. Without arcs, your animation would be stiff and mechanical. The speed and timing of an arc are crucial. Sometimes an arc is so fast that it blurs beyond recognition.

What makes animation realistic? ›

To create a more true-to-life and fluid animation, you can use follow through and overlapping action. We use follow through on parts that still move after the main part/character stops moving. Overlapping action is the difference in timing and speed of ancillary components that belong to a main part or character.

What skills should an animator have? ›

Skills and qualities
  • a creative mind and a strong visual imagination.
  • an eye for detail and good colour vision.
  • the ability to draw, make models and/or use computer graphics software.
  • patience and stamina - the work is painstakingly detailed and you may need to work long hours to meet deadlines.

How important are the principles of animation in animation industry? ›

The Principles of Animation are the fundamental building blocks of character animation, or animating any object. They are the principles that breath life into character performance and make it appealing and believable.

Who was the first animator? ›

Although “firsts” of any kind are never easy to establish, the first film-based animator appears to be J. Stuart Blackton, whose Humorous Phases of Funny Faces in 1906 launched a successful series of animated films for New York's pioneering Vitagraph Company.

What is 3D modeling used for? ›

Animators use 3D models for a clean, seamless effect when creating movies and TV shows. Throughout the process, 3D modelling is used to create scenery, characters, props, and much more. Most animated movies will utilise some kind of 3D programming software. Being able to animate isn't exclusive to animation, however.

How do you create a 3D character? ›

Using your concept art, create 3D models with game development software like Maya LT. Then, paint your models to give them a distinct look. Finally, animate your game characters to bring them to life. Create 3D models for every character, environment, and item in your game, based on your concept art.

How do I animate a picture? ›

5 Ways to Animate a Still Photo using Photo Animation Tools - YouTube

Why do we need animation? ›

Key benefits of animation

It allows you to communicate ideas quickly and sharply. Animation is a cost-saving communication strategy. It educates & engages the audience through entertainment. It also provides real to life scenarios faced in daily life during learning, and so many other activities.

What is the advantage of animation? ›

Overall, animations can speed up the delivery of your content, and allow you to make a shorter video that's just as effective, if not more effective, than a traditional live-action video.

What is 3D animation and visual effects? ›

3D animation means creating animations in a 3D workspace with only 3D elements like 3D characters and 3D sets. Visual effects on the other hand focuses on compositing various elements both 2d and 3D to recreate a live action scene.

What is advanced 3D animation? ›

Program Description. Advanced 3D Animation & 3D Modelling is a full-time, two-year Centre for Entertainment Arts (CEA) program focused on 3D Animation and 3D Modelling and its various departmental specializations, such as 3D animation (character and creature), rigging, 3D modelling & sculpting, and texturing/surfacing.

How long does it take to make a 3D animation? ›

The standard timeline (of six to eight weeks) to complete a 3D animation process can be broken down into a number of stages: briefing, brainstorming, scriptwriting, concept art, storyboard, modeling, rigging, animating, rendering, and sound design. Each stage of the process is part of the success of your animation.

How do you make a 3D animation model? ›

How to Animate 3D Characters in 1 Minute - YouTube

Is 3D animation easier than 2D? ›

Regarding 2D animation, the level of difficulty also depends on your skill level. If you can draw quickly and efficiently (getting the form right immediately), it will probably be easier for you. 3D animation is quicker because you don't need to animate every frame as you do with 2D animation.

Is it easy to animate 3D? ›

As mentioned before, animation isn't something learned overnight. It's arguably one of the most difficult aspects within a 3D pipeline. It'll take lots of trial and error and most likely some frustration. You may have heard before that it takes a thousand bad drawings to get to those good drawings.

What makes a good animation? ›

Animation is feedback to users and helps explain the nature of objects in your program. It needs to be understandable, natural, and, most important perhaps, believable. Believability is achieved by being faithful to the concept you're explaining. A bouncing ball should look like it obeys physics.

Why is 3D animation important? ›

Why is 3D animation important? 3D animation is important because it allows businesses to communicate in a memorable and immersive way. This communication is often with customers, but it can also be internally between staff.

What is 3D modeling used for? ›

Animators use 3D models for a clean, seamless effect when creating movies and TV shows. Throughout the process, 3D modelling is used to create scenery, characters, props, and much more. Most animated movies will utilise some kind of 3D programming software. Being able to animate isn't exclusive to animation, however.

What is 3D animation called? ›

3D animation, also referred to as CGI, or just CG, is made by generating images using computers. That series of images are the frames of an animated shot.

Where is animation used? ›

The biggest use for animation is for entertainment. Animation is used on the TV, on your phones, and all over the internet. In television, animation is mostly used to occupy children, as is gives them something to laugh about and keep them entertained for long periods of time.

What are the features of 3D animation? ›

3D animation characteristics
  • Depth perspective.
  • Modeling (not drawing)
  • Computer-animated.
  • Realistic depictions.
18 Feb 2022

Is 3D animation a good career? ›

It's a growing industry projected to hit $270 billion (USD) in 2020* and as an animator, you could be part of that growth. If you're a creative person who enjoys acting and storytelling, then this career might be the right choice for you. Animation isn't always easy, but it's incredibly rewarding.

Does 3D animation require drawing? ›

In fact, you don't even need to know how to draw to create 3D animation. The majority of your work will consist of using a computer to manipulate and control characters in the same way you would move a puppet. Drawing is only one of a few ways to “animate” or “bring to life” an object or character.

When did 3D animation start? ›

The very first 3D animation style was called clay animation or 'claymation' and came to life in the early 1900s. It involved making clay models of real life objects and creating a stop-motion film of the models being moved and manipulated into positions.


1. Journey of Sound to the Brain
(National Institutes of Health (NIH))
2. How You Can Make A 3D Animated Short Film With No Budget By Yourself!
(Thilakanathan Studios)
3. Platelet Activation and Factors for Clot Formation
(Thrombosis Adviser)
4. Muscle Contraction - Cross Bridge Cycle, Animation.
(Alila Medical Media)
5. How to Make 3D Animation Movie at home
6. How Pixar’s ‘Toy Story 4’ Was Animated | Movies Insider

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