Learning Plan: The Nature and Process of Communication (2022)

Objectives

By the end of the lesson, you will have been able to:

  • explain the nature and process of communication;
  • differentiate various models of communication;
  • discuss the functions of communication;
  • distinguish the unique features of one communication process from the other;
  • practice effective verbal and nonverbal communication during social interactions;
  • explain why there is a breakdown of communication;
  • apply strategies in overcoming communication breakdowns;
  • practice effective communication skills;
  • evaluate the effectiveness of oral communication;
  • practice learning and thinking skills, life skills, and ICT literacy; and
  • reflect on your learning on the fundamentals of communication.

Warm Up

  1. Form groups of four to five members.
  2. Create a two-minute group presentation that reflects your understanding of what “communication” is about.
  3. Be creative.
  4. You have five minutes to prepare.

Debriefing Questions

  1. Which groups effectively communicated their message? Give reasons why the presentation was effective.
  2. Is effective communication important? Why? Why not?

Self-Audit

After completing Let’s Warm Up, tick the column that determines how often you practice what the statements say. Do this as objectively as possible. Bear in mind that there are no wrong answers. You can use your performance in Let’s Warm Up as a basis in completing this task.

Learning Plan: The Nature and Process of Communication (1)

(Video) Nature and Elements of Communication | Module 1

Work and Learn

Exercise 1

Stand up. Think of one fact that you know about communication and share it with everyone. Once you have shared something, you can sit down and listen to what the rest of the class has to share.

Communication is a process of sharing and conveying messages or information from one person to another within and across channels, contexts, media, and cultures (McCornack, 2014). There is a wide variety of contexts and situations in which communication can be manifested; it can be a face-to-face interaction, a phone conversation, a group discussion, a meeting or interview, a letter correspondence, a class recitation, and many others.

The Nature of Communication

  1. Communication is a process.
  2. Communication occurs between two or more people (the speaker and the receiver).
  3. Communication can be expressed through written or spoken words, actions (nonverbal), or both spoken words and nonverbal actions at the same time.

Elements of Communication

Communication is divided into elements which help us better understand its mechanics or process. These elements are the following:

  1. Speaker – the source of information or message
  2. Message – the information, ideas, or thoughts conveyed by the speaker in words or in actions
  3. Encoding – the process of converting the message into words, actions, or other forms that the speaker understands
  4. Channel – the medium or the means, such as personal or non-personal, verbal or nonverbal, in which the encoded message is conveyed
  5. Decoding – the process of interpreting the encoded message of the speaker by the receiver.
  6. Receiver – the recipient of the message, or someone who decodes the message
  7. Feedback – the reactions, responses, or information provided by the receiver
  8. Context – the environment where communication takes place
  9. Barrier – the factors that affect the flow of communication

Learning Plan: The Nature and Process of Communication (2)

(Video) ORAL COMMUNICATION - THE NATURE AND PROCESS OF COMMUNICATION

Exercise 2 (Group)

Work with your group mates in the Let’s Warm Up activity. As a group, do the following:

Study the diagram below. It represents the Schramm Model. Schramm (1954) modified the Shannon-Weaver Model. What has Schramm added to the Shannon-Weaver Model? Is the new model more comprehensive? Why do you think so? How is it different from or similar to the Transaction Model?

Learning Plan: The Nature and Process of Communication (3)

Exercise 3

Identify the function of communication in each of the following situations.

  1. The teacher reads and discusses classroom policies to her students.
  2. Ross greets Rachel; then, they start talking about their plans for the holidays.
  3. Phoebe shares her insights on how to live peacefully despite a complicated life.
  4. Monica shares her personal frustrations with Chandler.
  5. The geometry teacher lectures about mathematical concepts.
  6. Sheila delivers her valedictory speech.
  7. The President delivers his last State of the Nation Address.
  8. A television personality thanks to the supportive moviegoers during an interview.
  9. The city mayor presents her strategies to execute the plans in a public forum.
  10. A tourist guide orients a group of tourists about a heritage site.

Barriers to Communication

There are instances when miscommunication and misunderstanding occur because of certain barriers. To become an effective communicator, you should recognize these barriers that hinder the communication process. This will enable you to control the situation, reset conditions, and start anew. The table below presents some barriers to effective communication with corresponding solutions.

BARRIEREXAMPLESOLUTION
Emotional barriersYou are having a bad day or you feel frustrated.Recognize these kinds of emotions, and politely ask the other person to give you a moment so you can relax or calm yourself.
Emotional barriersYou sit in a meeting or class where you think the speaker is boring.Recognize this kind of attitude, reset, and reflect on how you can be interested in what the speaker is pointing out.
Use of jargonYou are a scientist discussing a certain weather phenomenon with your neighbor who does not know much about the topic.Jargon refers to the set of specialized vocabulary in a certain field. To avoid communication breakdown due to lack of clarity, adjust your language; use layman’s terms or simple words.
Lack of confidenceYou are asked to share something about your day or weekend, but you are hesitant because you are shy.Develop self-confidence by joining organizations where you can share and develop your interests. Look for opportunities in your school or community that will help you find your strengths and improve your abilities.
Noisy environmentYou are having a conversation with some friends when a song was played loudlyRecognize that noise is a common barrier. Make some adjustments by asking someone to minimize the volume or by looking for a quiet area where you can resume the conversation.

Note that these are only some of the barriers; many others may arise out of context, language, physical restrictions, and the like.

Exercise 4 (Class)

As a class, complete the semantic web below with a word or group of words relevant to communication. You can assign a representative to gather and/or consolidate the responses of the class.

(Video) LESSON 1 Nature of Communication

Learning Plan: The Nature and Process of Communication (4)

Exercise 5

Write T before each number if the statement is true and F if the statement is false.

  1. Consider ethics in your speech at all times.
  2. Effective use of nonverbal communication can strengthen your message.
  3. How you communicate reflects who you are as a person.
  4. One way to help you build credibility is through effective nonverbal communication.
  5. There are certain words that are only appropriate at certain times and places.
  6. To achieve clarity, we must speak the same language as our listeners.
  7. The use of too many fillers can distract your listeners.
  8. Verbal communication is better than nonverbal communication.
  9. When you talk to others, you should not assume too quickly that they understand the message that you convey.
  10. When you communicate, choose what you want to say and how you want to say it.

Practice

I. Group Activity

Your teacher will divide the class into three groups. This activity follows the format of a charades game, and the objective is to guess unknown words in the shortest time possible.

Your teacher will assign a category for each group. Assign a timekeeper in your group and prepare ten pieces of one-fourth-sized paper and a small empty box or pencil case. Think of words or phrases related to your category and write each word in a piece of paper. Fold each piece to hide the word.

Remember not to choose words that are very difficult to guess. Follow the guidelines below.

  • At least two members of the group must be familiar with the word’s meaning.
  • A word should only be composed of a maximum of eight letters.
  • Proper names are not allowed, but they can be used along with other words.
  • Foreign words and technical terms are not allowed.

Each round of the activity proceeds as follows:

  • Each group will assign two representatives who will act out or describe the unknown word. The remaining group members have to guess the word within one minute.
  • To start, the representatives from Team A will draw a piece of paper from Team B’s box.
  • They have five seconds to view the word, after which Team B’s timekeeper will start the timer.
  • The representatives will then have their teammates guess the word through gestures. Drawing or writing on the board is not allowed.
  • If Team A guesses the word, Team B’s timekeeper has to record the number of seconds it took for Team A to get the correct answer.
  • If Team A cannot guess the word, Team B’s timekeeper has to record a time of one minute.
  • To proceed, a representative from Team B will draw a piece of paper from Team C’s box. This roundabout game will go on until all the words are used.

The score for each group is the total time that the group accumulated for all the rounds. The group with the shortest time wins.

II. Group Activity

With the same group, perform a five-minute presentation of your favorite scene from an English movie, TV series, or musical or non-musical stage play. The chosen scene should show how one or more barriers to communication lead to miscommunication. You have 20 minutes to plan and organize.

(Video) Oral Communication in Context: Functions, Nature, and Process of Communication (Q1 Week1)

III. Group Activity

With your group mates, discuss the following:

  • Was there a lack of communication or miscommunication within your group when you organized and performed your tasks? What are these?
  • Why do you think this happened?
  • What are the barriers to communication that occurred?
  • What strategies did you use to avoid barriers and miscommunication?

Make sure that each member gives his/her answer. Overall, you have ten minutes to exchange ideas. Afterwards, assign one person, preferably the shyest member in your group, to share with the class the highlights or the most important points of the discussion.

IV. Individual Activity

Your teacher will randomly ask you a question. Once your turn comes, you have to stand in front and answer your teacher’s question, which may range from life goals to personal favorites.

  • After you answer, your teacher will give a follow-up question which you have to answer as well.
  • Then, he/she will assign two members of the class to respond to your answers.

V. Individual Activity

Imagine that you are addressing a group of parents and teachers in an assembly on understanding your generation known as the “Millennial Generation.”

  • Prepare a two-minute speech that communicates your ideas about the topic.
  • Your speech should highlight who the millennials are and how they are different from other generations.
  • Before the speech deliveries, find a partner.
  • Evaluate each other’s speech deliveries using the rubrics on the next page.
  • Write the strong and weak points of the presentation in the succeeding table.

Learning Plan: The Nature and Process of Communication (5)

Learning Plan: The Nature and Process of Communication (6)

Reinforcement Activity

Observe two of your classes other than English. Find out the nature, process, elements, and models of communication exemplified in each class. Using a maximum of 500 words, write a report about your observations. Use the following format: font 12, Times New Roman, 1.5 spacing.

FAQs

What you learned nature process and function of communication? ›

The essential elements of the process of communication are the message, the sender, encoding, the channel, the receiver, decoding, acting on the message, the feedback, and the communication environment. Both the sender and the receiver play a role in making communication effective.

What I have learned about process of communication? ›

The communication process refers to a series of actions or steps taken in order to successfully communicate. It involves several components such as the sender of the communication, the actual message being sent, the encoding of the message, the receiver and the decoding of the message.

What is nature and process of communication? ›

The sender creates a message through the process of encoding. The message is transmitted into a medium or a channel. The receiver gets the information. The receiver decodes the information into meaningful messages. The receiver provides feedback.

Why is it important to understand the nature process and function of communication? ›

Since communication makes accomplishment of organisational goals possible, it is essential that people understand and like each other. If people do not understand each others' viewpoint, there cannot be effective communication.

What is communication in your own words? ›

Communication is the act of giving, receiving, and sharing information -- in other words, talking or writing, and listening or reading. Good communicators listen carefully, speak or write clearly, and respect different opinions.

What I learned about oral communication? ›

Oral communication allows an individual to express emotions, ideas, and feelings; it gives people the ability to empower, inspire, and motivate those who listen; and it allows people to share knowledge and traditions, as well as build their self-esteem.

Why do we need to learn the process of communication? ›

Studying Communication can improve how we see others as communication is the way we meet others, develop and manage relationships and work effectively with others. Studying Communication can increase our understanding of relationships. Studying Communication develops important life skills.

What is the importance of communication for you as a student? ›

Good communication skills build strong friendships.

It also helps in making us confident enough. Thus students get interested in going to school every day. It's really important to remain friendly with others in this competitive world. Better verbal Communication and physical expressions help them to make new friends.

What is your most significant learning about communication? ›

Listening

Listening is one of the most important aspects of communication. Successful listening is not just about understanding spoken or written information but also an understanding of how the speaker feels during communication.

What is communication explain the nature scope and process of communication? ›

Meaning of Communication: Communication can broadly be defined as exchange of ideas, messages and information between two or more persons, through a medium, in a manner that the sender and the receiver understand the message in the common sense, that is, they develop common understanding of the message.

What is the importance of communication? ›

In our daily life, communication helps us build relationships by allowing us to share our experiences, and needs, and helps us connect to others. It's the essence of life, allowing us to express feelings, pass on information and share thoughts. We all need to communicate.

What is the process of communication explain the nature of English language? ›

Components of the communication process include a sender, encoding of a message, selecting of a channel of communication, receipt of the message by the receiver and decoding of the message. Sometimes, the receiver will send a message back to the original sender, which is called feedback.

What is the most important insights about the definition of communication? ›

Communication Defined

Communication is the sending and receiving of information and can be one-on-one or between groups of people, and can be face-to-face or through communication devices. Communication requires a sender, the person who initiates communication, to transfer their thoughts or encode a message.

What nature of communication engages two or more people the receiver and the sender with mutual influence on each other through inter stimulation? ›

Interpersonal communication is communication between people whose lives mutually influence one another.

What is the importance of communication in our daily life essay? ›

It is important to sharing out one's thoughts and feelings to live a fuller and happier life. The more we communicate the less we suffer and the better we feel about everything around. However, it is all the more necessary to learn the art of effective communication to put across ones point well.

How will you improve your communication skills? ›

There are specific things to do that can improve your communication skills:
  • Listen, listen, and listen. ...
  • Who you are talking to matters. ...
  • Body language matters. ...
  • Check your message before you hit send. ...
  • Be brief, yet specific. ...
  • Write things down. ...
  • Sometimes it's better to pick up the phone. ...
  • Think before you speak.

Why communication is important in life Brainly? ›

Answer: Communication is important part of our life because it helps us to understand the feelings, opinions, and ideas of people around us. We also communicate because we want to be understand and we want to express ourselves.

How can you knowledge of communication help you as a student and as a future professional? ›

Good communication enables students to assimilate more from the learning process by empowering them to ask relevant questions and discuss doubts. Effective verbal communication nurtures the process of socialization by facilitating new friendships and these in turn aid the learning process.

What are some communication activities that can help students become better communicators? ›

How to Foster Students' Communication Skills
  • Teach Kids Empathy. ...
  • Teach Conversation Skills. ...
  • Establish Listening and Speaking Procedures. ...
  • Teach Respectful Vocabulary. ...
  • Teach the Power of Pausing. ...
  • Practice Speaking and Listening in Natural Settings. ...
  • Encourage Introspection. ...
  • Turn Taking.

What do you learn in communication class? ›

College communication courses cover the theories, practices and fundamental questions about human communication, including written, oral and social practices. College-level communication, as a field of study, is interdisciplinary, incorporating the social sciences, humanities and fine arts into its coursework.

Why is communication considered as the most important part of human interaction and learning? ›

Being able to communicate effectively is perhaps the most important of all life skills. It is what enables us to pass information to other people, and to understand what is said to us.

What are the learning objective of effective communication skills? ›

Understand and apply communication theory. Critically think about communication processes and messages. Write effectively for a variety of contexts and audiences. Interact skillfully and ethically.

What is the main function of the process of communication in the communication? ›

The communication process is the guide toward realizing effective communication. It is through the communication process that the sharing of a common meaning between the sender and the receiver takes place.

What makes effective communication? ›

For communication to be effective, it must be clear, correct, complete, concise, and compassionate. We consider these to be the 5 C's of communication, though they may vary depending on who you're asking.

What do you mean by communication what are its characteristics discuss its nature and objectives? ›

Communication is the exchange and flow of information and ideas from one person to another; it involves a sender transmitting an idea, information, or feeling to a receiver. Effective communication occurs only if the receiver understands the exact information or idea that the sender intended to transmit.

What is communication process with example? ›

The message is the verbal or nonverbal content being conveyed from sender to receiver. For example, when you say “Hello!” to your friend, you are sending a message of greeting that will be received by your friend.

What is communication answer in one sentence? ›

Communication is a two-way means of communicating information in the form of thoughts, opinions, and ideas between two or more individuals with the purpose of building an understanding.

Why is effective communication important to career success? ›

Effective communication is important to career success because leaders who build a culture of positive communication can help a business reach its goals with greater efficiency, produce satisfied workers and improve brand identity — all of which can translate to their own success.

What type of communication is happening when a network of people is communicating with each other? ›

Interpersonal communication occurs when two people form a dyad, also known as two people communicating with one another.

How does the communication network help us in sending messages from one person to another? ›

Answer. Satellites coordinate with our communication and messaging. With the help of satellites we can communicate with anyone anywhere in the world. Hence this helps in sending messages from one place to another.

What are the types of communication in relation to context how do they differ from one another? ›

Answer: 1. The difference between the three is that Interpersonal communication is a two way communication while presentational communication has only an individual speaking and other(s) listening and Interpretive Communication is just translating raw information into a language which normal people can understand.

What do I know about nature of communication? ›

The nature of communication is exchanging ideas, feelings, information, data, or values between two or more individuals in a one-way or two-way system. For a communication process to take place, there should be a sender and receiver (excepting intrapersonal communication in which individuals talk to themselves).

What are the functions and process of communication? ›

Communication is the process of exchanging messages, ideas, facts, opinions, or feelings. The functions of communication in an organization are to inform, persuade, and motivate. Employees need to have effective organizational communication in order to achieve excellent job performance.

What is the importance of communication? ›

In our daily life, communication helps us build relationships by allowing us to share our experiences, and needs, and helps us connect to others. It's the essence of life, allowing us to express feelings, pass on information and share thoughts. We all need to communicate.

What is the nature of communication essay? ›

The nature of communication is the exchange of information between two people. It is required that there be both a sender and a receiver for communication to take place. Communication is reciprocal. So at any time the sender is sending a message the receiver is also sending messages.

Why do we need to understand the nature of communication for academic? ›

Well developed communication skills are vital to a child's academic success. At all levels of education, students must be able to communicate effectively. Without well developed communication skills, children run the risk of falling behind their peers or becoming emotionally overwhelmed or withdrawn at school.

Why communication is important in life Brainly? ›

Answer: Communication is important part of our life because it helps us to understand the feelings, opinions, and ideas of people around us. We also communicate because we want to be understand and we want to express ourselves.

What is the importance of communication in our daily life essay? ›

It is important to sharing out one's thoughts and feelings to live a fuller and happier life. The more we communicate the less we suffer and the better we feel about everything around. However, it is all the more necessary to learn the art of effective communication to put across ones point well.

How can I improve communication skill? ›

There are specific things to do that can improve your communication skills:
  1. Listen, listen, and listen. ...
  2. Who you are talking to matters. ...
  3. Body language matters. ...
  4. Check your message before you hit send. ...
  5. Be brief, yet specific. ...
  6. Write things down. ...
  7. Sometimes it's better to pick up the phone. ...
  8. Think before you speak.

What is the most important in communication? ›

Listening is one of the most important communication skills that we can acquire because it's the primary way that we develop relationships, understand others, and build trust.

What makes effective communication? ›

For communication to be effective, it must be clear, correct, complete, concise, and compassionate. We consider these to be the 5 C's of communication, though they may vary depending on who you're asking.

How the communication process works essay? ›

Essay on the Process of Communication:

The four actions are encoding, sending, receiving, and decoding. The five components are sender, message, medium, noise and receiver. The actions and components combine to transfer meaning from the sender who sends the message to the receiver.

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